noun | \ pri-ˈzəmp-shən \ | pre·sump·tion
  1. : an inference as to the existence of a fact not certainly known that the law requires to be drawn from the known or proven existence of some other fact

    — conclusive presumption
    : a presumption that the law does not allow to be rebutted — called also irrebuttable presumption; compare rebuttable presumption in this entry

    — mandatory presumption
    : a presumption that a jury is required by law to make upon proof of a given fact — compare permissive presumption in this entry

    — permissive presumption
    : an inference or presumption that a jury is allowed but not required to make from a given set of facts — called also permissive inference; compare mandatory presumption in this entry

    — presumption of fact
    : a presumption founded on a previous experience or on general knowledge of a connection between a known fact and one inferred from it

    — presumption of innocence
    : a rebuttable presumption in the favor of the defendant in a criminal action imposing on the prosecution the burden of proving guilt beyond a reasonable doubt

    — presumption of intent
    : a permissive presumption that if a criminal defendant committed an act it was his or her intent to commit it

    — presumption of law
    : a presumption (as of the innocence of a criminal defendant) founded on a rule or policy of law regardless of fact

    — presumption of survivorship
    : the presumption in the absence of direct evidence that of two or more persons dying in a common disaster (as a fire) one was the last to die because of youth, strength, or other reasons rendering survivorship likely

    — rebuttable presumption
    : a presumption that may be rebutted by evidence to the contrary — compare conclusive presumption in this entry